Acupuncturist, MLAc, DiplH
Verified by HealthProfs.com
Verified
I treat each patient as an individual, working with symptoms while balancing the body's energies to find a new healthy normal state. I find that with this kind of medicine, many issues resolve on the physical and emotional level. Most of my patients come in with pain syndromes, emotional issues, female health, infertility, digestive issues, and chronic illness. For chronic problems I often use herbs to support the treatment. I also use Chinese medical massage, positional therapy, and Reiki
Oriental Medicine
(413) 243-0654
Verified
View
Oriental Medicine
I treat each patient as an individual, working with symptoms while balancing the body's energies to find a new healthy normal state. I find that with this kind of medicine, many issues resolve on the physical and emotional level. Most of my patients come in with pain syndromes, emotional issues, female health, infertility, digestive issues, and chronic illness. For chronic problems I often use herbs to support the treatment. I also use Chinese medical massage, positional therapy, and Reiki
Photo of Michelle Manto, Acupuncturist
Acupuncturist, DACM, Lic Ac, Dipl OM, Reiki , CST
Verified by HealthProfs.com
Verified
Office is near:
Pittsfield, MA 01201
Health is a culmination of all actions and choices taken during our lifetime. Life is a journey that is recording in every cell of our body. Patterns are created, habits get more entrenched and, at some point in our life, we find the need to work and survive replacing that sense of balance and wellbeing. So, we just keep going. What if it was possible to enjoy better health? If you are tired and disappointed about how you feel, come see me. Together we will create a treatment plan based on the principles of Acupuncture and Traditional Chinese Medicine. A wholistic plan that fits your life, your lifestyle, and your healthcare goals.
Oriental Medicine
(413) 591-7037
Verified
Office is near:
Pittsfield, MA 01201
View
Oriental Medicine
Health is a culmination of all actions and choices taken during our lifetime. Life is a journey that is recording in every cell of our body. Patterns are created, habits get more entrenched and, at some point in our life, we find the need to work and survive replacing that sense of balance and wellbeing. So, we just keep going. What if it was possible to enjoy better health? If you are tired and disappointed about how you feel, come see me. Together we will create a treatment plan based on the principles of Acupuncture and Traditional Chinese Medicine. A wholistic plan that fits your life, your lifestyle, and your healthcare goals.
No more Oriental Medicine Acupuncturists in 01226 - Try other Acupuncturists below
Photo of Michelle (Mingxia) - Lu, Acupuncturist
Michelle (Mingxia) - Lu
Acupuncturist, Ph.D., Lic.Ac.
Verified by HealthProfs.com
Verified
Office is near:
Cambridge, MA
At Tai Chi Acupuncture & Wellness Center our goal is to create healthier and happier people by providing quality care and alternative healing therapies to those in need. While there will always be a place for Western Medicine, we take a different approach to health and wellness. Our programs, classes and treatments focus on bringing balance to mind, body, and spirit. Our bodies are amazing vehicles, and we are just beginning to understand their full capacities. Our intention is to teach others that the path to a happy and healthy life lies within each and every one of us.
Oriental Medicine
(781) 957-3020
Verified
Office is near:
Cambridge, MA
View
Oriental Medicine
At Tai Chi Acupuncture & Wellness Center our goal is to create healthier and happier people by providing quality care and alternative healing therapies to those in need. While there will always be a place for Western Medicine, we take a different approach to health and wellness. Our programs, classes and treatments focus on bringing balance to mind, body, and spirit. Our bodies are amazing vehicles, and we are just beginning to understand their full capacities. Our intention is to teach others that the path to a happy and healthy life lies within each and every one of us.
Photo of Bonnie Diamond, Acupuncturist
Bonnie Diamond
Acupuncturist, LAc
Verified by HealthProfs.com
Verified
Have you been struggling with a health issue that no one has been able to address? Has someone suggested acupuncture to you? Are you interested in treatments that come without side effects and allow the whole body to heal naturally? Do you want someone who puts you and your health first and foremost? Please do contact me.
Oriental Medicine
(339) 888-9841
Verified
View
Oriental Medicine
Have you been struggling with a health issue that no one has been able to address? Has someone suggested acupuncture to you? Are you interested in treatments that come without side effects and allow the whole body to heal naturally? Do you want someone who puts you and your health first and foremost? Please do contact me.
Photo of Turning Leaf Acupuncture, Acupuncturist
Turning Leaf Acupuncture
Acupuncturist, MPH, MAOM, DiplOM, LAc
Verified by HealthProfs.com
Verified
As a Licensed Acupuncturist and Herbalist, Traditional Chinese Medicine allows me the flexibility to treat each patient as an individual, creating treatment plans that are specific to their physical and emotional well-being. It is my goal to work collaboratively with each of my patients to help them achieve and maintain their health and wellness goals.
Oriental Medicine
(617) 765-0236 x1
Verified
View
Oriental Medicine
As a Licensed Acupuncturist and Herbalist, Traditional Chinese Medicine allows me the flexibility to treat each patient as an individual, creating treatment plans that are specific to their physical and emotional well-being. It is my goal to work collaboratively with each of my patients to help them achieve and maintain their health and wellness goals.
Photo of Orla Callahan, Acupuncturist
Orla Callahan
Acupuncturist, Lic. Ac, MAc
Verified by HealthProfs.com
Verified
You are so frustrated with the daily headaches that prevent you from enjoying life more. You push through to get things done at work and at home, but after that all that's left is a pounding headache. You’re concerned about the medicine you take. The pain meds aren’t working like they used to anyway. You're concerned because it's been going on for a while now and you are getting frustrated about the way your life has been impacted. You know it's time to try something different to resolve the problem.
Oriental Medicine
(774) 228-7478
Verified
View
Oriental Medicine
You are so frustrated with the daily headaches that prevent you from enjoying life more. You push through to get things done at work and at home, but after that all that's left is a pounding headache. You’re concerned about the medicine you take. The pain meds aren’t working like they used to anyway. You're concerned because it's been going on for a while now and you are getting frustrated about the way your life has been impacted. You know it's time to try something different to resolve the problem.
North Shore Acupuncture and Natural Medicine
Acupuncturist, MAOM, LAc., Dipl.
Verified by HealthProfs.com
Verified
Office is near:
Danvers, MA
At North Shore Acupuncture and Natural Medicine we work with patients that are suffering from both acute and chronic health conditions. We work each patient as an individual to address and resolve their health concerns. Our patients are looking for the tools and knowledge necessary to propel their health and happiness forward! Our patients choose North Shore Acupuncture and Natural Medicine for our holistic blend of acupuncture, Chinese herbal medicine, and craniosacral therapy. Our patients praise Allison for being "incredibly helpful, a talented healer, and an amazing clinician."
Oriental Medicine
(978) 325-2780
Verified
Office is near:
Danvers, MA
Oriental Medicine
At North Shore Acupuncture and Natural Medicine we work with patients that are suffering from both acute and chronic health conditions. We work each patient as an individual to address and resolve their health concerns. Our patients are looking for the tools and knowledge necessary to propel their health and happiness forward! Our patients choose North Shore Acupuncture and Natural Medicine for our holistic blend of acupuncture, Chinese herbal medicine, and craniosacral therapy. Our patients praise Allison for being "incredibly helpful, a talented healer, and an amazing clinician."
Photo of Kathy J Seltzer, Acupuncturist
Kathy J Seltzer
Acupuncturist, LAc
Verified by HealthProfs.com
Verified
I am a licensed acupuncturist with over 22 years of experience in private practice. I am dedicated to bringing acupuncture and Oriental Medicine to as many people as possible. My patients are of all ages - from elementary school children to wise elders. My practice falls into 3 categories - family care, pregnancy care and senior care. I have specialized in fertility, pregnancy, and labor & delivery and postpartum care for over 16 years and have helped many women get pregnant, stay pregnant, and have healthy pregnancies, deliveries, and post-partum. I often work in conjunction with doulas, midwives, and childbirth educators.
Oriental Medicine
(617) 606-7464
Verified
View
Oriental Medicine
I am a licensed acupuncturist with over 22 years of experience in private practice. I am dedicated to bringing acupuncture and Oriental Medicine to as many people as possible. My patients are of all ages - from elementary school children to wise elders. My practice falls into 3 categories - family care, pregnancy care and senior care. I have specialized in fertility, pregnancy, and labor & delivery and postpartum care for over 16 years and have helped many women get pregnant, stay pregnant, and have healthy pregnancies, deliveries, and post-partum. I often work in conjunction with doulas, midwives, and childbirth educators.
Photo of Acupuncture & Oriental Medicine Services of New En, Acupuncturist
Acupuncture & Oriental Medicine Services of New En
Acupuncturist, MAOM, LAc, CH, RN
Verified by HealthProfs.com
Verified
Welcome to a natural ,safe & effective healing modality of the 21st century. When you're here, you are treated as a person not a number. We accept patients of all ages from 8-108 years old. To make our services affordable, we give special discounts to seniors, college students & select insurance carriers. We also accept Visa, Master Card & Debit card.We offer Fascial Rejuvenation/Facelift to help minimize wrinkle formation & give you back that youthful apearance. Please visit our website for details.
Oriental Medicine
(413) 493-1475
Verified
View
Oriental Medicine
Welcome to a natural ,safe & effective healing modality of the 21st century. When you're here, you are treated as a person not a number. We accept patients of all ages from 8-108 years old. To make our services affordable, we give special discounts to seniors, college students & select insurance carriers. We also accept Visa, Master Card & Debit card.We offer Fascial Rejuvenation/Facelift to help minimize wrinkle formation & give you back that youthful apearance. Please visit our website for details.
Photo of Kuan Chen, Acupuncturist
Kuan Chen
Acupuncturist, LAc, DAIH
Verified by HealthProfs.com
Verified
At Tai Chi Acupuncture & Wellness Center our goal is to create healthier and happier people by providing quality care and alternative healing therapies to those in need. While there will always be a place for Western Medicine, we take a different approach to health and wellness. Our programs, classes and treatments focus on bringing balance to mind, body, and spirit. Our bodies are amazing vehicles, and we are just beginning to understand their full capacities. Our intention is to teach others that the path to a happy and healthy life lies within each and every one of us.
Oriental Medicine
(781) 658-2240
Verified
View
Oriental Medicine
At Tai Chi Acupuncture & Wellness Center our goal is to create healthier and happier people by providing quality care and alternative healing therapies to those in need. While there will always be a place for Western Medicine, we take a different approach to health and wellness. Our programs, classes and treatments focus on bringing balance to mind, body, and spirit. Our bodies are amazing vehicles, and we are just beginning to understand their full capacities. Our intention is to teach others that the path to a happy and healthy life lies within each and every one of us.
Photo of Boston Acupuncture Center, Acupuncturist
Boston Acupuncture Center
Acupuncturist, PhD, LAc, Dipl.AC, MAOM, NCCAOM
Verified by HealthProfs.com
Verified
Office is near:
Wellesley, MA
Dr. K.Zhang holds a PhD degree from Fujian Medical University and a Master of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (MAOM) in Chinese acupuncture from New England School of Acupuncture (NESA), MCPHS and the pain program from Tufts University School of Medicine. Before coming to US, Dr. Zhang had practiced in China for years. He is a national Diplomate of Oriental Medicine, certified by NCCAOM, and is licensed by the Massachusetts Board of Registration in Medicine to practice acupuncture in the state. He is also a research scientist in Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School and Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM).
Oriental Medicine
(617) 819-8929
Verified
Office is near:
Wellesley, MA
View
Oriental Medicine
Dr. K.Zhang holds a PhD degree from Fujian Medical University and a Master of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (MAOM) in Chinese acupuncture from New England School of Acupuncture (NESA), MCPHS and the pain program from Tufts University School of Medicine. Before coming to US, Dr. Zhang had practiced in China for years. He is a national Diplomate of Oriental Medicine, certified by NCCAOM, and is licensed by the Massachusetts Board of Registration in Medicine to practice acupuncture in the state. He is also a research scientist in Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School and Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM).
Photo of Infertility Boston Acupuncture, Acupuncturist
Infertility Boston Acupuncture
Acupuncturist, PhD, LAc
Verified by HealthProfs.com
Verified
Office is near:
Wellesley, MA
Have 27 years of clinic experiences in Chinese and Western Medicine. Have been practicing in Boston since 2000. Graduate of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, the most prestigious institution of traditional Chinese medicine in China. I use customized acupuncture points and herbal formula to address the root cause of acid reflux, acne, AF, allergies, anxiety, excessive sweating, facial wrinkles, arthritis, asthma, back pain, bursitis, COPD, colitis, cystitis, depression, diabetes, tinnitus, eczema, and erectile dysfunction with acupuncture and Chinese herbs. Patient can recover much faster combing acupuncture and herbs.
Oriental Medicine
(781) 797-0755
Verified
Office is near:
Wellesley, MA
View
Oriental Medicine
Have 27 years of clinic experiences in Chinese and Western Medicine. Have been practicing in Boston since 2000. Graduate of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, the most prestigious institution of traditional Chinese medicine in China. I use customized acupuncture points and herbal formula to address the root cause of acid reflux, acne, AF, allergies, anxiety, excessive sweating, facial wrinkles, arthritis, asthma, back pain, bursitis, COPD, colitis, cystitis, depression, diabetes, tinnitus, eczema, and erectile dysfunction with acupuncture and Chinese herbs. Patient can recover much faster combing acupuncture and herbs.
Photo of Lalou Begue, Acupuncturist
Lalou Begue
Acupuncturist, Lic.Ac., MAOM
Verified by HealthProfs.com
Verified
I became interested in natural healing techniques a long time ago. Considering the potential side effects of medicines commonly prescribed, I thought it worthwhile to study alternative methods of healing. Initially, I trained in Shiatsu and Massage Therapy, I graduated from the New England School of Acupuncture in 1984. My post-graduate studies involved extensive training in Chinese Herbal Medicine.
Oriental Medicine
(781) 658-2240
Verified
View
Oriental Medicine
I became interested in natural healing techniques a long time ago. Considering the potential side effects of medicines commonly prescribed, I thought it worthwhile to study alternative methods of healing. Initially, I trained in Shiatsu and Massage Therapy, I graduated from the New England School of Acupuncture in 1984. My post-graduate studies involved extensive training in Chinese Herbal Medicine.
Photo of Matthew Berg Acupuncture, Acupuncturist
Matthew Berg Acupuncture
Acupuncturist, MS, DiplOM, LAc
Verified by HealthProfs.com
Verified
At Matthew Berg Acupuncture in Great Barrington, we offer premier Oriental Medicine which consists of Acupuncture, Chinese Herbal Therapy, Moxibustion, Cupping, Gua Sha, and Asian Bodywork modalities. Our Licensed Acupuncturists work to guide you along your path to balanced health and healing in a quiet, relaxed setting. Our goal is to empower you with the innate strength available in each of us through a series of rejuvenating treatments tailored to each individual patient who enters our office. We are General Practitioners, we welcome all age groups, all levels of health, all whom strive for wellness.
Oriental Medicine
(413) 342-1934
Verified
View
Oriental Medicine
At Matthew Berg Acupuncture in Great Barrington, we offer premier Oriental Medicine which consists of Acupuncture, Chinese Herbal Therapy, Moxibustion, Cupping, Gua Sha, and Asian Bodywork modalities. Our Licensed Acupuncturists work to guide you along your path to balanced health and healing in a quiet, relaxed setting. Our goal is to empower you with the innate strength available in each of us through a series of rejuvenating treatments tailored to each individual patient who enters our office. We are General Practitioners, we welcome all age groups, all levels of health, all whom strive for wellness.
Photo of Back Pain Boston Acupuncture, Acupuncturist
Back Pain Boston Acupuncture
Acupuncturist, PhD
Verified by HealthProfs.com
Verified
Office is near:
Weston, MA
The unique combination of my experiences shaped my philosophy of my career: as a disciple of the royal branch of traditional Chinese medicine, I shall be humble and respectful to all my patients; as an educator I shall be warm-hearted and honest; as a scientist, I shall be open-minded and always keep my knowledge abreast with the most advanced understanding in life sciences. I have a lot of experience in treating acid reflux, Acne, AF, allergies, anxiety, excessive sweating, facial wrinkles, arthritis, asthma, back pain, bursitis, COPD, colitis, cystitis, Depression, Diabetes, tinnitus, Eczema, and erectile dysfunction.
Oriental Medicine
(781) 451-1573
Verified
Office is near:
Weston, MA
View
Oriental Medicine
The unique combination of my experiences shaped my philosophy of my career: as a disciple of the royal branch of traditional Chinese medicine, I shall be humble and respectful to all my patients; as an educator I shall be warm-hearted and honest; as a scientist, I shall be open-minded and always keep my knowledge abreast with the most advanced understanding in life sciences. I have a lot of experience in treating acid reflux, Acne, AF, allergies, anxiety, excessive sweating, facial wrinkles, arthritis, asthma, back pain, bursitis, COPD, colitis, cystitis, Depression, Diabetes, tinnitus, Eczema, and erectile dysfunction.
Photo of Jonathan Glass, Acupuncturist
Jonathan Glass
Acupuncturist, LAc, MAc, DAy
Verified by HealthProfs.com
Verified
Office is near:
Sudbury, MA
My ideal patient is one who is willing to be a co creator in their health process. I specialize in digestive disorders, immune issues, pain, hormonal issues and fatigue. I treat all ages. I use acupuncture, Chinese herbs, Ayurvedic dietary and lifestyle recommendations and muscle response testing to identify core imbalances as well as herbal and nutritional recommendations. Your willingness to make lifestyle and dietary changes that help improve health and your symptoms is a big plus.
Oriental Medicine
(978) 525-0196
Verified
Office is near:
Sudbury, MA
View
Oriental Medicine
My ideal patient is one who is willing to be a co creator in their health process. I specialize in digestive disorders, immune issues, pain, hormonal issues and fatigue. I treat all ages. I use acupuncture, Chinese herbs, Ayurvedic dietary and lifestyle recommendations and muscle response testing to identify core imbalances as well as herbal and nutritional recommendations. Your willingness to make lifestyle and dietary changes that help improve health and your symptoms is a big plus.
Photo of Stephen Howard, Acupuncturist
Stephen Howard
Acupuncturist, Lic, Ac
Verified by HealthProfs.com
Verified
Stow, MA
Over the last 30 years I've helped people young and old with musculo-skeletal, metabolic, and psycho-emotional complaints. Chinese Medicine not only addresses a broad spectrum of pathologies with a variety of specialized modalities, but it can also be used to clarify the healthcare practices that can help you improve your health, live to full capacity, and meet your goals for a meaningful life. Chronic problems generally reflect a lifestyle, and the willingness to change habits can be one of the most powerful agents of change, along with practice and teamwork.
Oriental Medicine
(978) 253-4988
Verified
Stow, MA
View
Oriental Medicine
Over the last 30 years I've helped people young and old with musculo-skeletal, metabolic, and psycho-emotional complaints. Chinese Medicine not only addresses a broad spectrum of pathologies with a variety of specialized modalities, but it can also be used to clarify the healthcare practices that can help you improve your health, live to full capacity, and meet your goals for a meaningful life. Chronic problems generally reflect a lifestyle, and the willingness to change habits can be one of the most powerful agents of change, along with practice and teamwork.
Photo of Eastway Wellness LLC, Boston, Acupuncturist
Eastway Wellness LLC, Boston
Acupuncturist, LAc, NCCAOM, LicAc
Verified by HealthProfs.com
Verified
I have over 20 years of experience in clinical practice of acupuncture/herbal medicine/nutrition in China, Canada & USA. I treat many patients with problems, but are not exclusive to, of infertility, cancer recovery, autism, women health, pain care, anxiety issues, neurological/psychological issues such as Parkinson's Disease and other various medical conditions. Some of my patients are health care professionals who practice at the renowned Massachusetts General, Brigham & Women's Hospital, Children Hospital of Boston, Boston Medical Center... I specialize in Infertility, Cancer recovery, Autism, Women's Health, Pain Relief...
Oriental Medicine
(857) 763-4596
Verified
View
Oriental Medicine
I have over 20 years of experience in clinical practice of acupuncture/herbal medicine/nutrition in China, Canada & USA. I treat many patients with problems, but are not exclusive to, of infertility, cancer recovery, autism, women health, pain care, anxiety issues, neurological/psychological issues such as Parkinson's Disease and other various medical conditions. Some of my patients are health care professionals who practice at the renowned Massachusetts General, Brigham & Women's Hospital, Children Hospital of Boston, Boston Medical Center... I specialize in Infertility, Cancer recovery, Autism, Women's Health, Pain Relief...
Photo of George Mandler, Acupuncturist
George Mandler
Acupuncturist, CNS, DiplOM, LDN, LicAc, FABORM
Verified by HealthProfs.com
Verified
Stow, MA
Are you sick of being tired? Are you having trouble getting pregnant even though all tests are 'normal'? Do you feel lousy even though your doctor tells you that 'everything is normal'? Do you have pain that is not helped by traditional methods? Do you have digestive troubles such as food sensitivities, bloating, gas, diarrhea or constipation? Have you been told you need to watch your cholesterol or that you are pre-diabetic? Do you have musculoskeletal pain or neuropathy? If you answered yes to any of these questions and are ready to take charge of your health please contact me for a free consult.
Oriental Medicine
(978) 792-2078
Verified
Stow, MA
View
Oriental Medicine
Are you sick of being tired? Are you having trouble getting pregnant even though all tests are 'normal'? Do you feel lousy even though your doctor tells you that 'everything is normal'? Do you have pain that is not helped by traditional methods? Do you have digestive troubles such as food sensitivities, bloating, gas, diarrhea or constipation? Have you been told you need to watch your cholesterol or that you are pre-diabetic? Do you have musculoskeletal pain or neuropathy? If you answered yes to any of these questions and are ready to take charge of your health please contact me for a free consult.
Photo of Boston Acupuncture, Acupuncturist
Boston Acupuncture
Acupuncturist, PhD, LAc.
Verified by HealthProfs.com
Verified
Office is near:
Natick, MA
I am an acupuncturist trained in China with over 27 years of clinical experience. I have written 4 books: Acupuncture & Hormone Balance, Chinese Acupuncture and Herbs for Common Diseases, Acupuncture and Infertility and ED and Prostate Problems. I help patient to find the root cause of each healthy condition and correct it with acupuncture and Chinese herbs. I accumulated a lot of experience in treating acid reflux, acne, AF, allergies, anxiety, excessive sweating, facial wrinkles, arthritis, asthma, back pain, bursitis, COPD, colitis, cystitis, depression, diabetes, tinnitus, eczema, and erectile dysfunction.
Oriental Medicine
(339) 777-6040
Verified
Office is near:
Natick, MA
View
Oriental Medicine
I am an acupuncturist trained in China with over 27 years of clinical experience. I have written 4 books: Acupuncture & Hormone Balance, Chinese Acupuncture and Herbs for Common Diseases, Acupuncture and Infertility and ED and Prostate Problems. I help patient to find the root cause of each healthy condition and correct it with acupuncture and Chinese herbs. I accumulated a lot of experience in treating acid reflux, acne, AF, allergies, anxiety, excessive sweating, facial wrinkles, arthritis, asthma, back pain, bursitis, COPD, colitis, cystitis, depression, diabetes, tinnitus, eczema, and erectile dysfunction.

Oriental Medicine Acupuncturists
Oriental medicine is the oldest codified system of medicine in the world. It restores health and balance by treating illness and disease through the Five Major Branches of Oriental Medicine, which include: acupuncture; Chinese herbal medicine; oriental nutrition and dietary therapy; tuina or oriental bodywork; as well as tai chi and qi gong.

If you're looking for help with oriental acupuncture in 01226 or for 01226 oriental acupuncturist these professionals provide oriental medicine 01226, acupuncture and oriental medicine. They include acupuncture oriental medicine professionals, doctors of oriental medicine, and oriental medicine acupuncturists. They can povide acupuncture and oriental medicine in 01226.

Acupuncture in 01226 - is it right for me?
Acupuncture is based on the concepts of oriental medicine or traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and is one of the oldest healing practices in the world. 01226 acupuncturists are health care professionals who evaluate and treat the many conditions, aches and pains that respond to acupuncture.

Acupuncturists insert very fine acupuncture needles into the body. The purpose of the needles is to stimulate acupuncture points or meridians. The needles do not inject any substance into your body and are so fine as to be virtually impossible to feel. In some cases, acupuncture may be accompanied by electrical stimulation or the burning of moxa, a form of heat therapy. Or use acupressure, where physical pressure is applied by hand or elbow to trigger points with the aim of clearing blockages in these meridians.

'Accupuncture' and 'Accupuncturist' are common mis-spellings.